This article was co-authored by Emily Listmann. Emily Listmann is a private tutor in San Carlos, California. She has worked as a Social Studies Teacher, Curriculum Coordinator, and an SAT Prep Teacher. She received her MA in Education from the Stanford Graduate School of Education in 2014.There are 22 referencescited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.An outline is a great way to organize ideas and information for a speech, an essay, a novel, or a study guide based on your class notes. At first, writing an outline might seem complicated, but learning how to do it will give you an essential organizational skill! Start by planning your outline and choosing a structure for it. Then, you can organize your ideas into an easy to understand outline.
USA Maps | Printable State Map Outlines
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California Map Silhouette
Original image credit: Map of CaliforniaPermission: Some rights reserved. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 License. You are free to share or adapt it for any purpose, even commercially under the following terms: you must give a link to this page and indicate the author's name and the license.
Outline Maps: United States
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<State Outline MapsFast Facts Study Guide(State Outline Maps)By selecting an image below you can view printable blank outline maps of the USA. The first is an outline of the continental United States of America. The second is the same outline map with the state borders shown. The third shows state borders with Alaska and Hawaii included.
California DescriptionLong before European explorers probed into this land called California, its Stone Age, mostly Asian inhabitants, arrived here by traversing the Bering Strait,and over the centuries that followed a wide variety of cultures developed and prospered. The Portuguesenavigator, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, arrived along the California coastline in 1542. His two-ship expedition came ashore in San Diego Bay and he claimed the land for the Spanish Crown. In 1579, the Englishexplorer, Sir Francis Drake, sailing along the northern coastline found a suitable port where he was able to repair and restock his ships. He subsequently claimed the land for England in the name of Queen Elizabeth I. In the late 1700's, Gaspar de Portolà, the then Spanish Governor of Baja Californiaset out on land and sea with expeditions to settle more areas in the north. One of his land expeditions arrived at present-day San Diego; they established the Presidio (or fort) of San Diego;then proceeded onward to the present-day sites of Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Santa Barbara, San Simeon and the Salinas River. Sea explorers from one of Portola's many expeditions were the first Spaniards to view San Francisco BayIn fact, during most of the 17th century, Spanish expeditions continued across California as they established numerous missions and presidios (forts). California remained under the control of Spain until Mexico's War of Independence with Spain ended in 1821, thus making California a part of Mexico. During the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), when both nations were fighting for control of Texas,a small group of rebellious white settlers in Sonoma declared independence from Mexico (the Bear Flag Revolt). That short-lived California Republic was soon merged into the expanding United States of America, as Mexico lost the war and eventually sold California and other territories to the U.S. With the discovery of gold in late 1848 in the Sierra Nevadafoothills - just east of Sacramento - the California Gold Rush began. A flood of 100,000 immigrants from around the world rushed to California searching for the golden riches. California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850, and the first capital was based in San Jose. That city, along with Benicia and Vallejo (future capital cities) all eventually proved too small and unacceptable, so the capital was finally established in Sacramento. it currently has a population of 38,041,430. Prev Page1/2
The Largest Countries in the World
From Cape Horn all the way to the Arctic Circle, the world’s largest countries provide a beautiful snapshot of the variety of geography, climate, and wildlife on the planet. Collectively, the world’s largest countries contain rainforest and tundra, mountains and valleys, coastline and desert. As this we explore the largest nations, we visit five different continents, some of the world’s most spectacular geography, and every type of climate imaginable. Excitingly, it’s always changing, too: history has taught that geopolitical boundaries shift dramatically as the centuries pass. In the next decades, who’s to say which countries will become the world’s largest? When 11.5 percent of all the land in the entire world is claimed by just one country, it’s not surprising to learn that the tenth largest country (Algeria) could fit into the largest (Russia) seven times over. When all 10 of the world's largest countries are taken together, they total 49% of the earth's entire 149 million square kilometres of land. 10 – AlgeriaThe Algerian Sahara, the largest expanse of Saharan desert.Algeria, at 2.38 million square kilometers, is the tenth-largest country in the world by area and the only African country in the top 10. Situated in Northern Africa, Algeriahas a Mediterranean coastline 998 km long. 90 percent of the country is desert, and much of its desert regions are highly elevated. The Tell Atlas mountain range runs along the country’s northern border, while the interior, much of it hundreds of meters above sea level, contains the Algerian portion of the Sahara desert. The massive Algerian Sahara extends all the way to the south of the country past its borders with Nigerand Mali. 9 – KazakhstanKazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country.Kazakhstan’s2.72 million square kilometers stretch over vast plains and highlands. A cool and dry, but not quite desert-like, climate prevails for most of the year. Kazakhstanis experience a great range of temperatures throughout the year, though it doesn’t get as cold in Kazakhstan as it does in parts of its northern neighbor, Russia. Formerly part of the USSR, the largest nation in the world for most of the 20th century, Kazakhstan’s current main claim to fame is its status as the largest landlocked country in the world—and the only landlocked country in the top 10. 8 – ArgentinaMount Fitz Roy in Patagonia, Argentina.Argentina, the world’s 32nd most populous country, is the world’s eighth largest, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world by area. Its 2.78 million square kilometers include some of the most varied geography and climate in the world. Swampy, tropical conditions in the very north give way to freezing glacial regions in the south. Patagonia, one of the most spectacular and dangerous places on the planet, stretches from the southern Andes in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east. The southern tip of Argentina, known as Cape Horn, is one of the stormiest locations on the globe. 7 – IndiaIndia is the second largest nation in terms of population, and seventh largest in terms of area.India’sboundaries have changed quite a few times over the past century, and even still, Indiaclaims that the northern region of Kashmir (an area disputed with Pakistan) belongs under Indian control completely. As it stands, without Kashmir, India’s territory stretches for 3.29 million square kilometers. China, Pakistan, Bangladeshand Nepaleach share a border with India, and its geography ranges from the majestic Himalayan Mountains to the tropical shores of the southern peninsula. Geologically, India is found on its own subcontinent, and geological studies show that this whole nation and its close neighbors were at one time separated from Asia by a sea. 6 – AustraliaThe Twelve Apostles, Victoria State, Australia.The approximately 4.4 million square kilometer difference between Australiaand India represents the second-largest size difference between countries ranked consecutively in the top 10. Australia, at around 7.69 million square kilometers, is over twice the size of India. It’s the largest country in Oceania by far. Technically it is so large that it doesn’t even qualify as an island, it is a continental landmass. The vast majority of its population live in coastal cities like Sydney in the east and Perth in the west, and with good reason: the Australian Outback is one of the world’s driest and hottest regions. Along with extreme climate and geography, Australiais known for its spectacular—and often deadly—wildlife. 5 – BrazilCopacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.The largest country in South America at over 8.51 million square kilometers, Brazilplays home to much of the world’s largest rainforest, the Amazon. The Amazon is so dense and vast that explorers and scientists have found human civilizations that had never made contact with the outside world. Brazilalso has a lengthy Atlantic coastline on the eastern side, which stretches approximately 8,000 km. Most of its major cities, including Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, exist near the coastline. 4 – People’s Republic of ChinaThe Great Wall of China stretches along a long stretch of the northern border of China.China, the United States of America, and Canadaeach occupy just under seven percent of the globe’s surface. Of these three, Chinais the smallest—just barely—at approximately 9.6 million square kilometers. It shares a border with 14 different countries, including Afghanistanto the east, Russiato the north, and Vietnamto the south. It is the largest country entirely in Asia. Its climate and its people vary dramatically. In the north, temperatures drop to subarctic levels, the center of the nation holds the Gobi, the world’s 4th largest desert, and in the south temperatures reach tropical levels regularly. With over 1.35 billion citizens, China is home to 56 recognized ethnic groups, has the world’s 18th largest Muslim population, the 19th largest Christian population, and with 1.9 doctors per 1000 people, China has more doctors than the entire population of Qatar. 3 – United States of AmericaLong meandering rivers of North Dakota cut through plains and canyons.The United States, just bigger than Chinabut slightly smaller than Canada, occupies 9.63 million square kilometers. Bordered by Mexicoto the south, and Canada to the north, the United States is home to a diverse array of geography and wildlife. Two North-South features split the nation into three distinct pieces. West of the Rocky Mountains, the Pacific states are known for year-round temperate weather and long expanses of beach along the California coast. Sandwiched between the Rockies and the Mississippi River, the great plains stretch from Canadato Mexico, giving the United States one of the world's most fertile growing areas. Lastly, the third of the nation east of the Mississippi is the industrial and economic hub of America, with major cities spread all along the Eastern seaboard. 2 – CanadaThe vast wilderness of Canada is popular for outdoor activity.Canada’s9.984 million square kilometers make it the largest country in the western hemisphere, and its 202,080-kilometer coastline means that it has a longer shoreline than any other nation. With a population density of 4 people per square kilometer, this means that each of Canada's 35 million people could have 61 acres for themselves. Positioned between the Arctic and the United States, Canada’s massive frozen tundra extends into the Arctic Circle. Split similar to the USA; in the western half of the country, the Rocky Mountains run north to south, and prairies provide huge grain and canola growing areas. Eastern Canada is the traditional heart of the nation, with Toronto, Montreal, and the national capital of Ottawa, all located in the East. 1 – RussiaThe landscape of Siberia, Russia.Russia’s17.1 million square kilometres easily make it the world’s largest by area. In fact, if Russiawere to lop off 7 million square kilometers, it would still be the largest—and the lopped-off section would rank seventh overall! Like China, Russia borders 14 different countries. Unlike China, none of Russia is tropical, though humid summers prevail in much of southern Russia. The Taiga, the world’s largest terrestrial biome, extends all the way from Eastern Canada throughout the vast majority of northern Russia. Massive oil reserves exist underneath Russia’s frozen forests and tundra; however, due to the expense and difficulty of extracting it, much of Russia’s oil wealth remains untapped. 50 Largest Countries in the World By AreaRankCountryArea sq.km1Russia17,098,2422Canada9,984,6703United States9,826,6754China9,596,9605Brazil8,514,8776Australia7,741,2207India3,287,2638Argentina2,780,4009Kazakhstan2,724,90010Algeria2,381,74111Congo, Democratic Republic of the2,344,85812Greenland (Denmark) 2,166,08613Saudi Arabia2,149,69014Mexico1,964,37515Indonesia1,904,56916Sudan1,861,48417Libya1,759,54018Iran1,648,19519Mongolia1,564,11620Peru1,285,21621Chad1,284,00022Niger1,267,00023Angola1,246,70024Mali1,240,19225South Africa1,219,09026Colombia1,138,91027Ethiopia1,104,30028Bolivia1,098,58129Mauritania1,030,70030Egypt1,001,45031Tanzania947,30032Nigeria923,76833Venezuela912,05034Namibia824,29235Mozambique799,38036Pakistan796,09537Turkey783,56238Chile756,10239Zambia752,61840Burma676,57841Afghanistan652,23042South Sudan644,32943France643,80144Somalia637,65745Central African Republic622,98446Ukraine603,55047Madagascar587,04148Botswana581,73049Kenya580,36750Yemen527,968
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