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list of countries under west africa

Release time:2019-03-27
West Africa

and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territoryof Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.[7]The population of West Africa is estimated at about 362 million[2]people as of 2016. Contents1 List of countries2 Genetic background3 History3.1 Prehistory3.2 Empires3.3 Slavery and European contact3.4 Colonialism3.5 Postcolonial eras


West African Countries: List of Countries in West Africa

West African Countries: List of Countries in West Africa


HomeTravel and HistoryWest African Countries: List of Countries in West AfricaTravel and HistoryWest African Countries: List of Countries in West Africa West Africa is the part of Africathat is located in the western part of Africa and most of it is in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is also referred to as Western Africa. Out of the entire African nations, there are 16 nations that make up the West African countries. Geographically, West Africa is well distinguished from other parts of Africa. Most West African countries were colonized by Britain and French and after many years of colonization, waves of independence swept across the West African Countrieslike wild-fire and this is the reason most West African countries have their years of independence at a close range. Despite the closeness of various countries in West Africa, there is significant cultural and religious diversity of Christianity and Islam being the two predominant religions in this area. All the member countries in West Africa have different cultures within its boundaries. List of West African Countries1. BeninBenin is a French-speaking West African country that is officially called The Republic of Benin. Its borders include Burkina Faso and Niger on the north, Togo on the west and Nigeria on the east. Cotonou is the country’s largest city and is also where the seat of government is located but the capital is located at Porto-Novo. Benin covers a land mass that is equivalent to 110,000 square kilometres (42,000 sq mi) holding a population of approximately 9.05 million people.  The country gained their independence from France on August 1, 1960, and this accounts for French as the official language, however, indigenous languages such as Fon and Yoruba are also commonly spoken. Benin seems to have signed up for membership in quite a number of international organizations including the African Union, the United Nations, La Francophonie, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the Niger Basin Authority, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States and the African Petroleum Producers Association. 2. Burkina FasoBurkina Faso was formerly known as Upper Volta; a country in Western Africa that gained independence from France in 1960. Following independence, Burkina Faso has faced domestic and external concern over the state of its economy and human rights abuses with repeated military coups that have ravaged the country especially in the 1970’s and 1980’s up until recently. There is still significant lack of transparency in the country. For instance, the Current President of Burkina Faso: President Blaise Compaore took over power following the 1987 military coup and since then has organized and won every election. 3. Ivory CoastThe Republic of Ivory Coast one country in West Africa that once had pride as the model of stability since after her independence in 1960 however, this was short-lived as the country was thrown into political chaos in the early 21st century when armed rebellion split the country in two in 2002. On a positive note, the country is known as one of the major producers of cocoa and the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment, especially in this industrial sector all, made the nation one of the most prosperous of the West African countries. 4. Cape VerdeCape Verde is officially known as The Republic of Cape Verde, is the only island country of its type in West Africa. Cape Verde is a combination of 10 islands located 570 kilometres off the coast of West Africa in the central Atlantic Ocean,  Cape Verde’s islands are historical of volcanic origin and most of them are rocky with vegetation. Cape Verde has an estimated population of about 500,000, with a quarter of its citizens living in the state capital Praia while almost 38% live in the rural areas. 5. GambiaThe Gambia is one of the smallest countries in Africa. The President Yahya Jammeh took over power in 1994 following a coup that was successfully carried out without any bloodshed. He held on to power till he was ousted in an election he had earlier accepted the result only to come back later and void it. The country is largely dependent on peanuts export since the soil does not support much of other products. 6. GhanaThe Republic of Ghana has Ivory Coast on its west, Burkina Faso on its north, Togo on the east and the Gulf of Guinea on the south of its borders. It was the first black African nation in West Africa to achieve independence from a colonial power. Ghana has one of the best growing economies in West Africa and has in recent times enjoyed the benefits of a better and more transparent system of government which has translated to the state of its economy. 7. GuineaGuinea is a West African country with a population of 10,057,975 and occupying an area of 246,000 square kilometres As part of its borders, Guinea has Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali on the northern part, and its southern border is shared with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. Like most African countries, Guinea was not free from political oppression and instability. Following independence in 1958,  Guinea’s first president, Ahmed Sekou Toure, pursued a revolutionary socialist agenda and tens of thousands of people disappeared, or were tortured and executed in his 26-year regime. 8. Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau is a West African country bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal. Only 14% of the population in Guinea-Bissau speaks Portuguese as the official language, the majority (up to 44%) speak Kriol which is a Portuguese-based creole language while the remainder speaks native African languages. Guinea-Bissau has had quite significant political and military insurgency since independence from Portugal in 1974. 9. LiberiaLiberia is officially known as The Republic of Liberia. It is bordered by Guinea to its north, Sierra Leone to its west and Côte d’Ivoire to its east. The country has about 3.7 million people living within the confines of its boundary. The country has seen a lot of violence, human right abuse and for long, has been a United Nations peacekeeping zone. 10. MaliThe Republic of Mali as it is officially recognized is a French-speaking West African Country landlocked by Senegal and Mauritania to the west, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Algeria to the north. Mali has an estimated population of 14.5 million with its capital located at Bamako and the majority of inhabitants living in the southern part of the country. It is a country whose major source of foreign exchange centers on agriculture and fishing. Mali is also endowed with natural resources which include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in Africa. 11. MauritaniaMauritania is one of the countries in West Africa and also one of the newest oil-producing countries. Geographically, Mauritania bridges the Arab Maghreb and western sub-Saharan Africa. Most parts of the country is desert and perhaps one of the reasons for a national shuffling that has mostly the Arab-Berber population in the north and black Africans in the south. 12. NigerRepublic of Niger, is another landlocked country in Western Africa. Among its borders are Benin, Nigeria, Burkina Faso,  Mali, Algeria, Libya and Chad in different directions. The Republic of Niger has a reputation for being the largest nation in West Africa, however, 80% of this land mass is covered by the Sahara desert. Niger has a population of 16,068,994  as at 2011 and this number is very much concentrated in the south and western parts of the country. 13. NigeriaNigeria is officially recognized as the Federal Republic of Nigeria which is a federal constitutional republic with 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Among its borders are the Republic of Benin in the west, Niger and Chad in the north and Cameroon in the east. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria has some notable facts for which it can be remembered: It is the most populous country in Africa, the seventh most populous country in the world and the most populous black country in the World. 14. SenegalSenegal is one of the French-speaking countries in West Africa with Dakar as the capital city which is located at the westernmost tip of the country on the Cap-Vert peninsula. Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. The country has been held up as one of Africa’s model democracies. It has an established multi-party system and a tradition of civilian rule. 15. Sierra LeoneSierra Leone is an English-speaking west African country which greatly relies on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner and also among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, and a major producer of gold. The country boasts of the third largest natural harbor in the world where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetown’s famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay.  Sierra Leone is one of the largest producers of diamond. The very costly compound generates billions of dollars for the country but despite this natural wealth, Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in Africawith 70% of its people live in poverty. 16. Togo.Togo is a small West African country with a population of 6.7 million people and suffers from very lean economic growth and approximately one half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. Agriculture is the major source of income which also provides jobs for the major part of the population. Natural raw materials like Cocoa, coffee, and cottonseed contribute up to 40% of all earnings from exportation. Among all these, cotton is the largest contributing cash crop. Togo is also rich in natural minerals and is among the largest producers of phosphate in the world. Below is the List of All The Countries in West AfricaBeninMaliBurkina FasoMauritaniaIvory CoastNigerCape VerdeNigeriaGambiaSenegalGhanaSierra LeoneGuineaSaint HelenaGuinea BissauSou Tome &PrincipeLiberiaTogo data-matched-content-rows-num="2"data-matched-content-columns-num="4"data-matched-content-ui-type="image_stacked"data-ad-format="autorelaxed"< SHARE FacebookTwitterEmeka ChigozieRecommendedCheryl Scott – Bio, Is She Married or Engaged, Who is the Husband or...Brian Boitano – Bio, Net Worth, Personal Life and Cancer, Is He Married?Bryce Harper – Biography, Wife, Dad, Net Worth, Height, WeightMireddys González – Bio, Children and Everything About Daddy Yankee’s WifeJeremy Meeks – Bio, Wife, Brother, Net Worth, Father, Family, GirlfriendGerard Butler – Bio, Married, Wife, Kids, Age, Net Worth, GirlfriendShroud – Bio, Net Worth, Girlfriend and Facts About The Video Game PlayerTrent Garrett – Bio And Personal Profile Of The American ActorCourtney Henggeler – Bio and Everything To Know About The ActressDavid Hefner – Bio, Siblings and Other Facts About Hugh Hefner’s SonChris Kyle Wife, Brother, Children, Family, Bio, How Did He Die?Cillian Murphy Wife, Kids, Family, Siblings, Age, Height, Net WorthMore BiographiesDog The Bounty Hunter Wife – Beth, Divorce, Kids, Family, Net WorthWho Is Gabriel Iglesias Wife or Girlfriend, Son and Family Members, What is His...Who is Bradley Cooper’s Wife or Girlfriend – Irina Shayk, His Net Worth &...Ricegum Girlfriend, Real Name, Age, Net Worth, Sister, Daughter, EthnicityWho is Cory Booker, His Education, Parents, Wife, Net Worth, Is He Gay?Who is Debby Clarke Belichick, Bill Belichick’s Ex-Wife? 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Western Africa

Western Africa


Western Africa, regionof the western African continent comprisingthe countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Western Africa is a term used in the Encyclopædia Britannica to designate a geographic region within the continent of Africa. The term West Africa is also often used to refer to this part of the continent. As conventionally understood, however, West Africa is primarily a political and economic designationand comprisesall the areas considered here except Cameroon, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, and the Saharan parts of Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. western AfricaThe countries of western Africa.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.


Member States

Member StatesThe Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is made up of fifteen member countries that are located in the Western African region. These countries have both cultural and geopolitical ties and shared common economic interest. The region of West Africa is located west of north-south axis lying close to 10° east longitude. The Atlantic Ocean forms the western as well as the southern borders of the West African region. The northern border is the Sahara Desert, with the Ranishanu Bend generally considered the northernmost part of the region. The eastern border lies between the Benue Trough, and a line running from Mount Cameroon to Lake Chad. Colonial boundaries are still reflected in the modern boundaries between contemporary West African states, cutting across ethnic and cultural lines, often dividing single ethnic groups between two or more states.


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West African Countries (Complete List of Nations in West Africa)

West African Countries (Complete List of Nations in West Africa)


SearchSearch for: Search Menu You are here: HomeCulture & HistoryWest African Countries – Guide to West Africa in Culture & HistoryWest African Countries – Guide to West Africa These are the countries that make up the region known as West Africa. by Toni-AnnApril 11, 2017, 4:11 pm Welcome to a journey through the West African countries! The land split into two drastically different climates. The dry Saharan desert and the more life friendly green Atlantic coast and the Niger River. Let us dig deeper into this region and find out what lies beneath it’s surface, shall we? What is considered West Africa?Quite a good amount of countries actually! Starting all the way west from the Atlantic Ocean and making our way inward, West Africa expands all the way to the outskirts of Niger and Nigeria. From atop Mauritania, Mali and Niger; all the way down to Togo, Ghana, the Ivory coast and other nations on the Atlantic coast as you’re about to learn below. Let us now look at the countries that make up Western Africa. Benin The Republic of Beninhas its southern coast on the Bight of Benin which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. That should provide enough proof that the country is in West Africa. Benin spans a landmass of 114,763 square kilometers and has a population of 10.88 million. The official language of the country is French. Even though Porto-Novo is the capital of Benin, all the economic and political activities take place in the city of Cotonou. The agricultural sector contributes most to the GDP and provides the most employment. Burkina Faso On the westernmost part of Africa, the country of Burkino Fasooccupies 274,200 square kilometers of land area. Burkina Faso has a population of over 17.3 million. The capital of the country is Ouagadougou and its official language is French. More than 80% of Burkinabes work in agriculture. This earnings from this sector make up 32% of the country’s GDP. The mining of mining of copper, iron, manganese, gold, cassiterite(tin ore), and phosphates also contribute to the economy of the country. In 2011, Burkina Faso became the fourth largest gold-producer in Africa. Cape Verde The Republic of Cabo Verdeconsists of 10 volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of West Africa. Together the islands cover 4,000 square kilometers and an estimated population of 512,000. Cape Verde has the highest standard of living in West Africa. The capital of the island nation is Praia. In 2007, the UN assigned developing country status to the island nation. The country’s commerce, transport, and public services sectors contribute the most to the country’s GDP. Among the country’s few mineral resources are salt and limestone. Côte d’Ivoire The Republic of Côte d’Ivoireis in yes, West Africa. The country occupies 322,463 square kilometers and has a population of about 24 million. The country’s capital, Yamoussoukro is the seat of the government, however, the city of Abidjan sees the most economic activity. About 78 languages inclusive of French, their official language, are spoken in Côte d’Ivoire. The country’s per capita income is just as high as the number of languages spoken. Côte d’Ivoire has the largest economy in West Africa, is the largest exporter of cocoa beans in the world. Gambia Gambiais the country in West Africa pretty much swallowed up by Senegal. The Gambia River runs through the center of the country so you do not have to look far if you are wondering where the country got its name. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean which borders Gambia to the west. The Republic of Gambiaoccupies 10,689 square kilometers and is the smallest country on the mainland of Africa. An estimated 1,882,450 people make up the country’s population. The capital is Banjul and the economy barely survives on farming, fishing, and tourism. Ghana The Republic of Ghanais a country in West Africa. Within its southern border on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, Ghana has some of the most beautiful beaches in Africa. Ghana covers 238,535 square kilometers and has a population of about 27 million. The capital of Ghana is Accra. Ghanaians enjoy a multicultural society and a prosperous economy. Hydrocarbons, industrial minerals and precious minerals contribution to the nation’s GDP. The county continues to make huge advancements in technology and industrialization and by 2020 hopes to become a developed country. Guinea The Republic of Guineais another country on the never ending list of countries in West Africa. It occupies 245,860 square kilometers and has a population of 10.5 million. The population consists of Muslims. The official language of the country is French but the people speak over 24 languages. The country’s economic center is in its capital, Conakry. Guinea is the second largest bauxite producer in the world and is rich in gold and diamond deposits. Most Guineans however, farm in order to make a living. Liberia Liberia, a landlocked country in West Africa covers 111,369 square kilometers of the Africa’s land surface. The 4,503,000 people of Liberia speak over 20 languages among themselves with English acting as their official language. The economic and political center of Liberia is its capital Monrovia. The country exports iron ore, rubber, and timber but Liberia remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Liberia is Africa’s oldest and most modern republic. Mali Another landlocked country in West Africa is the Republic of Mali. It covers1,240,000 km2 of land space which makes it the 8th largest country in Africa. Mali has a population of 14.5 million people and its capital Bamako. Mauritania The Islamic Republic of Mauritaniais an Arab country in the Maghreb region of West Africa. The country’ s 4 million inhabitants occupy 10% of 1,030,000 km2 of Mauritania. The rest is the Sahara desert. The country’s capital Nouakchottoccupies prime real estate on the Atlantic Coast. It also holds approximately 90% of the country’s population. The country has oil but the population depends largely on agriculture to earn money and feed their families. Surprisingly, Mauritania still practices slavery with 4% of the population enslaved against their will. About 20% of the population live on less than $1.25 a day. Niger Covering 1,270,000 square kilometers, Nigeris the largest country in West Africa. The Sahara dessert, however, covers over 80% of Niger’s land space. The capital of Niger, Niamey is in the southwestern part of the country. The country’s 19 million inhabitants occupy the south and western parts of Nigeria. The most dominant religion in Niger is Islam. The economy of the country depends on subsistence farming and the exportation of a few of its crops and livestock. Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigerialike a few West African countries has a coast on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria covers a land area of 923,768 square kilometers. Its very large economy and its large population of about 190 million give it the name ‘Giant of Africa.’ In 2015, Nigeria had the 20th largest economy in the world. A mover and shaker in the African region, Nigeria has a well developed financial sector, telecommunications sector, and transport sector. It also has the second largest stock exchange in Africa. Among its many natural resources are natural gas, coal, bauxite, tantalite, and gold. What to read next: Most beautiful churches in Nigeria. Senegal Senegalis a country in West Africa. Its capital Dakar is at the western end of the country. A population of about 15 million calls the 197,000 km2 of land space that Senegal occupies home. Their official language is French but they speak a variety of other languages in their daily activities, The economy of Senegal relies on its food processing, mining, cement, chemicals, refining imported petroleum, and tourism industries. There is also a thriving export market. Exports include fish, chemicals, cotton, fabrics, groundnuts and calcium phosphates. Sierra Leone Sierra Leoneis a country in West Africa bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. The country covers just 71,740 square kilometers and has a population of about 7 million, consisting of mostly Muslims. The language of the government is English but Sierra Leoneans speak the Krio language. Sierra Leone is rich in mineral resources. The country mines diamond, gold, is one of the largest exporters of titanium and bauxite, and one of the largest rutile deposits in the world. Surprisingly, 70% of the population live below the international poverty line. Togo Occupying just 57,000 km2 of the African land mass, Togois one of the smallest countries in West Africa and on the continent. The country of Togo has an estimated population of 7.5 million. The official language of the country is French but the diverse population speaks a variety of other languages. The capital Lome sits on the Gulf of Guinea. Togo enjoys a vibrant economy and has one of the highest standards of living on the continent. The country exports phosphates and agricultural crops such as coffee, peanut and cocoa beans. Plus the islands of: Saint HelenaAscension & Tristan da Cunha.Final say on West AfricaHopefully you’ve learned a great deal about the western region of the African continent by reading the above. If you ever find yourself traveling to West Africa, don’t forget to bring a positive attitude and an explorers spirit; this land is rich with adventure and good people with countless traditions. You may also like: 10 Beautiful Churches, Mosques and Monasteries in Togo. Newsletter Want more stuff like this? Get the best African stories straight into your inbox! Leave this field empty if you're human: Don't worry, we don't spam See more Previous article HIV/AIDS in Africa (10 Leading Diseases in Africa)Next article List of All Black Billionaires (World’s Richest Black People)Written by Toni-AnnToni-Ann is currently a university student who dabbles in Economics during the day and unleashes her creative writing skills during the night. Her dream is to see the seven wonders of the world. But due to the unavailability of several resources, she travels through the pages of the books she consumes on a daily basis. Comments Our siteFacebookLeave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Comment Name * Email * Website This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Loading… 0 Leave a Comment! 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West Africa: The 16 West African Countries

West Africa: The 16 West African Countries


Western Africa comprises an area of approximately 6.1 million square kilometers. The region includes 16 countries. Here is more about these West African countries. BeninBenin covers an area of around 115,000 sq km. Approximately 9.98 million people live in this West African nation. This tropical sub-Saharan country depends on agriculture. French is the official language of Benin. The largest religious group is Roman Catholicism. Burkina FasoLandlocked West African nation Burkina Faso covers approximately 274,200 sq km. The population is estimated to be around 17.3 million. French is the official language of Burkina Faso. The country is a semi-presidential republic. Agriculture contributes around 32 percent to the nation’s GDP. Cape VerdeThis island nation spans an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. The nation covers an area of slightly over 4,000 sq km. Cape Verde is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is praised as an example among African nations, for its stability and developmental growth. The GambiaThe Gambia is located on either side of River Gambia. It covers an area of around 10,689 sq km and has a population of 1,882,450. The nation’s economy is dominated by fishing, farming and tourism. Around one-third of the Gambian population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day. GhanaGhana is a sovereign multinational state and unitary presidential constitutional democracy. It has a land mass of 238,535 sq km. Approximately 27 million people live in Ghana. Its economy is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. GuineaWest African country Guinea is a republic. It covers an area of 245,860 sq km and has a population of 10.5 million. French is the official language of Guinea, which is a predominantly Islamic nation. Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau covers 36,125 sq km. Around 1,600,000 people live in this country. The nation follows a nonaligned foreign policy. Its GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world. More than two-thirds of the population lives below the poverty line. Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power vested in the President of Ivory Coast. The nation’s economy is market-based and relies heavily on agriculture. French is the official language of Ivory Coast. The nation has a relatively high income per capita for the region. LiberiaLiberia covers an area of 111,369 sq km. It is home to around 4 million people. English is the official language of Liberia. The climate of the nation is hot and equatorial. Around 85 percent of the population of Liberia lives below the international poverty line.


Where We Work

UNICEF works in 24 countries in West and Central Africa, a region with diverse cultures, beliefs, languages, and lifestyles – marked by contrasts of stability and conflict; affluence and poverty.

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